Police Scotland has been reported to the Health and Safety Executive by the body which represents rank-and-file officers over the use of breath tests.
The Scottish Police Federation (SPF) said it was concerned that officers could be exposed to Covid-19 while conducting drink drive tests.
The federation claims testing urine samples would be a “safer alternative”.
But Police Scotland said it is “meeting, and often exceeding, the relevant guidelines”.
The force said it was following the advice and direction of bodies including the HSE and Health Protection Scotland (HPS), and applying a “comprehensive operational policing risk assessment”.
Among the guidelines issued to officers is to conduct all roadside breath tests outside whilst wearing masks and gloves, with the option to use tougher protective equipment if there are concerns a person might have coronavirus.